The Museum is located in Braccano, Matelica, in front of the camp where on March 24, 1944 a Nazi-fascist massacre was perpetrated. The parish priest of the hamlet, Don Enrico Pocognoni, and five young partisans were killed: Demade Lucernoni, Ivano Marinucci, Temistocle Sabbatini, Thur Nur (Ethiopic), Mohamed Raghè (Somali).
The museum exhibition (inaugurated on March 24, 2018) consists of documents, photographs, newspapers, school certificates from the years of the fascist regime, World War II, Resistance and partisan struggle, related to Matelica and the territory.
At the entrance, on an external wall, there is a modern “mural” by the artist Flavio Solo: “Jedi Master of the Star Wars film saga in defense of freedom”. The author represented the black-skinned Jedi Master in homage to the two African partisans killed in the Nazi-fascist massacre perpetrated in the camp in front.
In the exhibition hall, at the center, the three main protagonists are immediately offered to the attention of visitors, with large cardboard shapes: Don Enrico Pocognoni, gold medal for value; Mario Depangher, the “fisherman commander who came from Istria”; Enrico Mattei, leader of the National Liberation Committee (and, later, founder and president of ENI, killed in an airstrike on October 27, 1962).
The journey begins with photos and documents related to the population – coalmen and peasants – who have supported with their solidarity the struggle for national liberation, hiding and helping partisans, former stragglers, former prisoners of war, young defectors.
The main historical events follow in chronological succession: the affirmation of fascism, regime and anti-fascism, the war, the armistice of September 8, 1943, the partisan struggle with its protagonists, the repression and massacres perpetrated by Nazis and fascists, the civil war, the Liberation, the post-war period.
Further panels are dedicated to: women in the Resistance, events of Jews in the territory, civilians deported to the Kahla labor camp (Thuringia, Germany).
Other documents: two paintings by Sauro Tupini dedicated respectively to the work of the coalmen and the great field battle of Valdiola-Chigiano, newspapers of the time, elementary school reports and school materials.
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