Church of Saint Giovanni Battista

Church of Saint Giovanni Battista

Church of Saint Giovanni Battista

Frazione Castello 1, Fiuminata


Located in the North vertex of the defensive walls of the village, to the left of the ogival arch of the entrance to the original nucleus of Castello of Fiuminata, the church of San Giovanni, erected along the North-South route, looks like an imposing building developed in length for more than twenty meters, which limits the east side of the road that ascends to the upper part of the village.

The original layout, probably from the 14th century, consisted of a single hall, less high and shorter than the current one, whose main front was the West elevation on which two ogival portals and an enriched mullioned window are still visible externally, but walled up from a twisted column. Here, therefore, was the entrance: the North front was, then, a blind front as it was part of the defensive walls. In 1875 the church was enlarged with the addition of the current hemicyclic and raised apse: this can be seen in correspondence with the Gothic arches of the right wall of the hall.

A new main elevation – the current one – is also defined to replace the blind North front, which is designed to replace part of the defensive walls of the village and open the new portal of the church outside the fortified center, towards the new buildings. arose outside the village. With no openings except for the entrance, the main North facade, a hut, is made of irregular blocks of exposed stone and is decorated only by the brick frame of the portal and the crowning tympanum. Above the portal a plaque commemorates the fallen of the First World War.

The 19th-century redesign also led to the elevation and redesign of the crowning of the bell tower located to the left of the new prospectus.




The 19th-century refurbishment gives us a single hall in neoclassical style, predominant in its length, covered by a barrel vault in camorcanna interspersed with masonry reinforcement arches and grooves in correspondence with the glazed lunettes that pierce the side elevations above the shutter level of the decorative entablature that runs along the entire perimeter of the hall, presbytery and apse. These lunettes give the environment natural lighting.

The entrance is dominated by a simple wooden choir loft supported by Doric columns: here there is an organ with a natural chest. The rhythm of the rooms, in elevation, is marked by Ionic pilasters and pilasters which, along the side walls of the hall, frame the four altars carved into the wall thickness.

In the center,a wooden pulpit is placed halfway up on the left side, finely decorated with paintings on the parapet. Raised from the floor of the hall, the presbytery houses a contemporary ambon and altar. Raised and separated from the presbytery by a marble balustrade, the apse, covered with a semi-dome in camorcanna finely decorated with painted grotesques and stuccoes, houses a 17th-century wooden choir and a pre-conciliar altar.

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